Media Release

Fédération Internationale de Football Association

FIFA Strasse 20, P.O Box 8044 Zurich, Switzerland, +41 (0) 43 222 7777

Thursday 15 December 2022, 13:00

FIFA publishes 2022 Intermediaries in International Transfers report

  • In 2022, clubs paid USD 622.8m for the services of intermediaries, an increase of 24% since 2021

  • 22% more transfers with intermediaries representing an engaging club in 2022 than in 2021

  • Record high for players represented by an intermediary – 15.3% of all international transfers involved an intermediary engaged by a player

Fees paid for the services of club intermediaries amounted to USD 622.8m in 2022, according to the Intermediaries in International Transfers report published by FIFA today, marking a 24.3% increase in clubs’ spending on fees compared to 2021 and only 4.9% less than the record level of spending on intermediary service fees set in 2019 (USD 654.7m).

2022 Intermediaries in International Transfers report

Engaging clubs employed intermediaries in 1,532 international transfers, representing a stark increase of 22.4% in comparison to 2021 and the highest total ever. At the same time, service fees paid to intermediaries representing the engaging club also reached a new all-time high (USD 450.1m), surpassing the previous record set in 2019 (USD 425.6m). European clubs accounted for 96.2% of the USD 622.8m spent on intermediary service fees, with clubs from England (USD 203.2m), Italy (USD 88.5m), Portugal (USD 65.9m), Spain (USD 60.4m), Germany (USD 56.1m) and France (USD 30.0m) alone responsible for 80.9% of the total sum worldwide.

2022 Intermediaries in International Transfers report

Finally, there were also 3,086 international transfers in which the player was represented by one or more intermediaries (15.3% of all transfers). This is a record high and represents an increase of 17.7% compared to 2021.

Intermediaries in women’s football

The number of transfers in women’s football with engaging-club intermediaries increased by 42.9% in 2022 compared to 2021. The proportion of transfers with intermediaries acting for the engaging club also increased from 5.4% in 2021 to 6.6% in 2022. Finally, intermediaries representing players were involved in 340 international transfers of female players. This amounts to 22.3% of international transfers, which is substantially higher than the equivalent figure in men’s football (15.3%).

2022 Intermediaries in International Transfers report